Calcium is a mineral that is found in large amounts in the body. It is very important in the development of bones and 99% of the calcium in the body is found in the bones and teeth. Aside from helping in the formation of strong bones and teeth, calcium also functions in regulating the heart beat, aiding muscle function as well as controlling blood pressure and cholesterol levels.
There are two main sources of calcium. These are from:
- Food e.g milk and plant products.
- Dietary supplements.
A shortage of calcium in the body could lead to conditions such as brittle bones that fracture easily (as seen in osteomalacia and osteoporosis), delayed or stunted growth in children (rickets) and even heart problems.