What is Asthma?
Asthma is a common chronic inflammatory disease of the airway. This simply means there is inflammation of the airway, tightening of the airway muscles and airflow obstruction.
Who gets Asthma?
- Those with one or both parents with asthma have the tendency to develop asthma.
- Exposure to a trigger.
- Those in contact with triggers at their place of work (Occupational asthma).
What are the Risk Factors?
The cause of asthma is unknown, however, triggers often bring on asthmatic attacks. A trigger is anything or condition that causes inflammation in the airways leading to asthma symptoms.
- Dust mites.
- Viral infections.
- Air pollutants.
- Cold air.
- Chemical fumes.
- Certain food additives.
- Intense emotions or stress.
What are the symptoms?
- Chronic (Regular) cough.
- Shortness of breath.
- Chest tightness.
- Wheezing (Whistling sound produced during breathing due to narrowed airway).
How is it treated?
- Currently, there is no cure for asthma. About half the number of individuals diagnosed during childhood would no longer have asthma after a decade.
- Avoid smoking, avoid triggers.
- Follow an asthma action plan developed for you by your doctor.
- Asthma is a respiratory disease that causes difficulty in breathing, coughing and chest tightness.
- Asthma can be brought on by triggers such as dust mites, animals, smoke, chemical fumes and air pollutants.
- It can be controlled by avoiding asthma triggers, taking your medication an following an asthma action plan.
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Recommended for you
Asthma society of Canada
- Edward, Graham Douglas, Kurtis S. (2010). Asthma.
London: Manson Pub. pp. 27-29. ISBN 978-1-84076-513-7
By Omonijo MO, MBBS