What is Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) ?
Pelvic inflammatory disease is an infection of a woman’s reproductive organs.
What causes PID?
Sexually transmitted infections (most commonly chlamydia and gonorrhoea).
Other non-sexually transmitted infections could also cause it.
How does it occur?
Sexually transmitted bacteria gain entrance into the reproductive system through the vagina, then ascend to the cervix, uterus, tubes, ovaries and the pelvic cavity.
These bacterial infections cause inflammation and irritation of the pelvic cavity
What are the risk factors for having PID?
Having unprotected sex (including oral sex)
Having multiple sexual partners
Having a sexual partner who has multiple sexual partners
Untreated sexually transmitted infections
What are the symptoms of PID?
Pain in the lower abdomen
Vaginal discharge with a bad odour
Abnormal bleeding from the vagina
How is PID treated?
When reported, the doctor may requests some tests be carried out.
Treatment usually involves antibiotics (since it's usually caused by bacteria)
Important to complete medications for the duration given by your doctor, even if symptoms disappear soon after starting treatment
Complications of PID
May happen if PID is left untreated:
Ectopic pregnancy (pregnancy outside the uterus)
Long lasting pelvic pain
How can PID be prevented?
Being faithful to your sexual partner
Using condoms correctly during all sexual activity
PID is an acronym for pelvic inflammatory disease.
Commonly caused by bacterial infections that are sexually transmitted.
Can be cured if reported early
If not reported, it can cause complications like infertility and ectopic pregnancies.