How To Examine Your Testicles

You must have often wondered if it is necessary for guys to examine their testicles (or balls). Most men actually touch their testicles in one form or another during or after a shower or while relaxing on their beds. 

It is important for guys to touch (examine) their testicles because they might just be the first to discover an abnormality such as a lump.  Men can have lumps in their testicles and this can sometimes be an early sign of testicular cancer.

Testicular cancer is actually rare, making up just 1% of all male cancers. However, it is the most common cancer affecting men between the ages of 15-35 years.

Testicular cancer is one of the most treatable cancers. Early detection is key, If found early, its survival rate is almost 100%. It is therefore very important that men learn and know how to examine their testicles properly.

men testicular cancer not common

Testicular cancer usually presents as a painless lump or swelling in the testicles. Other symptoms include: feeling of heaviness or ache in the scrotum, and collection of fluid in the scrotum.

Causes of testicular cancer.

The cause is not fully understood but there are some factors that increase the risk of developing cancer:

  • Undescended testicles

  • Family history of testicular cancer

  • Age

  • Race

  • Smoking

  • Infertility


A lump or Swelling in the testes may not be cancerous. Other causes of lumps or swelling in the testicles are:

  • Varicocele

  • Hydrocele

  • Epididymal cyst

  • Epididymo-orchitis

  • Inguinal hernia

  • Testicular torsion

How do you examine your testicles?

The best time to do the self-exam is during or after a bath or shower, when the skin of the scrotum is relaxed.

  • Hold your penis out of the way and check one testicle at a time.

  • Use both hands when you are examining testicle. Hold the testicle between your thumbs and fingers of both hands and roll it gently (with slight pressure) between your fingers.

  • You should be able to feel the epididymis (a sperm-carrying tube), which feels soft, rope-like, and slightly tender to pressure, and is located at the top of the back part of each testicle. This is a normal lump.

  • Look and feel for any hard lumps or smooth rounded bumps or any change in the size, shape, or consistency of the testicles.

testicles different sizes self examination

If you notice any lump or swelling, please see a doctor right away. Although not all lumps are cancerous, you don’t have to wait to see if the lump will disappear. 

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